School-to-work transition and youth unemployment in Turkey

Author(s) : Guner, Duygu
Abstract : This paper examines the determinants of school-to-work transition in Turkey by implementing a competing risks model. Using a multinomial logit model with random intercepts, we differentiate between the two possible transition states and analyse covariate effects on the transition probabilities. Results show that participation behavior significantly differs among male and female recent school-leavers and that individual characteristics such as age and education level play an important role on this transition. Furthermore, analyses also demonstrate how participation patterns are shaped by household composition, especially for young women. Some of our findings are quite striking. First of all, we find that marriage hinders female participation considerably. Moreover, our results also suggest that young women raised in households, which are usually dominated by housewives, are more less likely to find employment once they leave school. The presence of small children in the household is another factor that suppresses female labor force participation. We further depict the effects of household wealth on transition and find evidence of men from poor households being more disadvantaged in finding employment, while the opposite holds true for men from rich households. The paper further investigates the transitional effects of prolonged unemployment and finds that, over time transition behavior significantly differs among men and women. While some groups experience a smooth transition, some others suffer from prolonged unemployment or high risk of becoming inactive. Findings suggest that transition improving policies should account for characteristics that increase vulnerability in the labor market. At most primary school graduates, married women and men from poor households require particular assistance in their school-to-work transition.
Year : 2014
Country : Turkey
Publisher : - -
City Of Publication : - -
Source : UCW supported studies

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