Youth disadvantage in the labour market: Empirical evidence from nine developing countries

Author(s) : Guarcello, Lorenzo; Kovrova, Irina; Lyon, Scott
Abstract : The lack of decent work opportunities for youth is a growing concern worldwide. According to ILO estimates, of the world's estimated 207 million unemployed people in 2009, nearly 40 percent were between 15 and 24 years of age. In many countries, this grim unemployment picture is further aggravated by the large number of youth engaged in poor quality and low paid jobs, often in the informal economy. Young workers everywhere invariably have much higher rates of joblessness and much lower earnings than older workers. The current report explores these issues of youth labour market disadvantage in the context of nine developing countries (i.e., Albania, Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroon, Indonesia, Jordan, Mexico, Turkey and Zambia). For the purpose of report, youth labour market disadvantage is defined as the lack of decent work, in turn encompassing two broad dimensions - first, a lack of jobs and second, low quality jobs. Descriptive evidence is presented from labour force surveys and similar datasets relating to each of these dimensions of labour market disadvantage. Indicators are disaggregated by sex, residence and household income in order to identify which specific groups of young people are most disadvantaged in the labour force in the nine countries. The extent to which labour market disadvantage is associated with low levels of education is given particular emphasis.
Year : 2012
Country : Albania, Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroon, Indonesia, Jordan, Mexico, Turkey, Zambia
Publisher : - -
City Of Publication : - -
Source : UCW Working Paper Series


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